Ancient Greece was made up of independent city-states that sometimes joined together to fight off invaders and sometimes found themselves in conflict with each other. The people of these city-states, such as Athenians and Spartans, left a lasting impression on the world through their intellectual, artistic, and political endeavors. They advanced philosophy, created beautiful works of art, and wrote dramatic plays that are still performed today. Even the concept of our modern-day democracy can be traced back to ancient Athens. This book explores ancient Greece through its social structure. It takes a look at its people and details the duties of a senator, the activities of an athlete, and much more. It also describes some of the discoveries and writings that have led to our present-day understanding of this fascinating civilization. Book jacket.